Fortune (NY 429): Attractive, large fruit that possesses mild corking. Early drop and a large
number of mummies (approx. 3 per spur) was observed.
NY 75414-1: Weak growing cultivar that produces poor crotch angles. Early fruit drop and a large
number of mummies (approx. 1 per spur) was observed. This variety has not preformed well
under our conditions.
Orin: A low vigor cultivar that tends to overcrop itself. Develops a disorder similar in appearance to
blister spot on high sun intensity portions of the skin. Moderate fruit drop occurred in ' 99.
Pristine: Weak wooded variety that is highly vigorous. Fruit drop is an annual occurrence. One of the best
eating quality cultivars in its season.
Sansa: This cultivar lacks vigor and precocity. Fruit was heavily russeted.
Shizuka: Harbors moderate populations of leafminers. Good variety in many aspects, but contains no
Suncrisp: Produces a very manageable and highly precocious tree, but fruit load needs careful
management. Burrknots were discovered on the scion of this cultivar and two of the trees
contained severe southwest injury. The Fruit was heavily russeted this year.
Sunrise: Cultivar is another perennial front runner, which produces attractive fruit of high quality
annually. Burrknots were discovered on the scion of this cultivar
The 1999 NE-183 planting was established at the Rutgers Research and Extension Farm,
Pittstown, NJ. Plot establishment and maintenance was determined by NE-183 horticultural protocols and
local recommendations. Preplant soil preparation consisted of broadcasting 3300 lbs./A of high calcium
lime and incorporation through sub-soiling and moldboard plowing. Another 2,100 lbs./A high calcium
lime was broadcast over the top of the worked soil and lightly disked in. Tall Fescue (Rebel SupremeTM)
was seeded in the orchard in early Oct.; mixed with spring barley as a nurse crop to establish sod middles.
Tree spacing followed the '99 planting recommendations of 2.5m x 4.3m and were oriented in a
north/south direction. 0.15 lb. of actual nitrogen was applied post plant to each tree in split applications
after planting. Irrigation was supplied on a weekly basis during the growing season, beginning on June 1st
and continuing until Sept. 8th. The block was under a minimal IPM spray schedule that was determined
by weekly scouting.
Trees were headed shortly after planting at the 0.9 meter mark, and trees that were well feathered
were allowed to maintain the feathers and heading cuts were adjusted accordingly. A two-wire ax type
trellis system is being installed as the support system for this trial. We utilized 40" earth anchors as the
trellis end anchoring devices. We utilized 2" x 11/2" x 10' metal poles (Best Angle Inc.TM) as the in-line
supports. Individual tree stakes consist of 3/4" x 3/4" x 10' metal stakes (Best Angle Inc.TM). Wood 5" x
12' posts were utilized for endposts.
Herbicide strips were utilized throughout the growing season to keep the trees weed free. The row
middles were kept fallow during the summer months.
High quality direct marketed fruit is very important to the NJ apple industry. This trial is
beginning to differentiate the best new apple cultivars adapted to New Jersey growing conditions. NJ fruit
growers are actively looking for new high quality apple selections for their retail marketing efforts,
particularly those with reduced chemical pest control needs.